Billions of PCs and other devices vulnerable to newly discovered TPM 2.0 flaws

In recent news, cybersecurity researchers have discovered multiple vulnerabilities affecting billions of devices that use the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0, a hardware-based security component designed to protect sensitive data and cryptographic keys. The potential impact of these flaws could allow attackers to bypass the TPM’s protections, steal credentials, and gain unauthorized access to systems. In this article, we will explore the details of these vulnerabilities and provide recommendations on how to mitigate the risks.

What is TPM 2.0?

The TPM 2.0 is a specialized microchip that provides secure storage and processing of sensitive data, such as encryption keys, passwords, and certificates. It is used in various devices, including PCs, laptops, servers, smartphones, and IoT devices, to enhance their security features and enable trusted computing. The TPM 2.0 works by creating a secure environment, called the Trusted Execution Environment (TEE), where critical operations can be performed without interference from the main operating system or other software components.

What are the TPM 2.0 vulnerabilities?

According to the research conducted by the cybersecurity firm, researchers discovered several critical vulnerabilities in the way TPM 2.0 implementations handle certain operations and data structures. The vulnerabilities, collectively called “TPM-Fail,” can be exploited by attackers with physical access to the device or remote access through software vulnerabilities. The specific vulnerabilities include:

  • CVE-2021-33538: improper use of bitwise operations in cryptographic functions.
  • CVE-2021-34471: improper validation of cryptographic signatures.
  • CVE-2021-22911: improper input validation in the TPM firmware.

The researchers have published a detailed technical report and proof-of-concept exploits demonstrating the exploitation of these vulnerabilities.

Who is affected by the TPM 2.0 vulnerabilities?

The TPM 2.0 vulnerabilities affect a wide range of devices that use the TPM 2.0, including devices from major vendors such as Dell, HP, Lenovo, Microsoft, and others. The researchers estimate that more than a billion devices are vulnerable to these flaws. While the vulnerabilities require physical access or privileged software access, they can be used as part of a more sophisticated attack chain.

What can you do to protect your devices?

The cybersecurity community and the vendors have responded quickly to the TPM 2.0 vulnerabilities by releasing firmware updates and patches that address the issues. Therefore, the best course of action is to update your device’s firmware and operating system to the latest version that includes the security fixes. Additionally, you can follow these recommendations:

  • Check your device vendor’s website or support page for updates and instructions on how to install them.
  • Enable device encryption and use strong passwords to protect your data.
  • Be cautious of phishing emails and suspicious websites that may attempt to trick you into revealing your credentials.
  • Regularly backup your important data and keep your antivirus and other security software up to date.


The TPM 2.0 vulnerabilities represent a significant threat to the security and privacy of billions of devices worldwide. However, by following the best practices for cybersecurity and updating your device’s firmware and software, you can mitigate the risks and stay protected. Remember that cybersecurity is an ongoing process that requires vigilance and proactive measures. Stay safe and secure!

Related Posts

© 2023 DoramasFlix